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Global Issues Initiative

The Global Issues Initiative (GII), centered in the greater Washington D.C. metropolitan area, was a component of ISCE that addressed international policy questions facing United States at the bilateral, regional and multilateral levels. Under a Memorandum of Understanding, GII conducted a research and teaching program with De La Salle University in Manila, Philippines. This initiative was led by David Orden, professor of Agricultural and Applied Economics in the College of Agriculture and LIfe Sciences.

Primary areas of interest included trade and economic integration, global security, counter-terrorism, and public health and science. Projects related to international trade included multilateral trade negotiations and the impact of these negotiations on economic prosperity, trade in goods and services, economic development, and the integration of developing countries into the global economy.

GII also coordinated projects with an international focus supported by ISCE and led ISCE activities in the Washington, D.C. area.

This program is no longer active.

Click on the tabs below to read more about GII projects and associated publications.

Middle East Small Grants Program

ISCE and GII provided support for the Middle East Small Grants program, which awarded seed funding for Middle-East focused projects.

Click here for more information or to view past projects.


ISCE-GII Research Support Program

The ISCE-Global Issues Initiative Research Support Program (RSP) was designed to enhance faculty scholarship in the social sciences directed toward global issues with significant implications for the United States. This  program is no longer active.

Click here to view the past-supported projects.

Effects of Contested Regulatory Measures on U.S. and Global Agricultural Trade

USDA/NIFA/AFRI Research Project 2018-67023-27686
March 2018-March 2021

International trade in agricultural products is vital to the prosperity of agriculture and food industries in the United States and elsewhere and likewise to the well-being of global food consumers.

To contribute toward securing and creating opportunities for these products to enter into and remain competitive in foreign markets, this research project sought to significantly enhance our understanding about sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) regulations and technical barriers to trade (TBT) affecting U.S. and global agricultural trade flows.

Specific objectives were to:

  • Inventory SPS and TBT measures affecting U.S. and global agricultural trade using a targeted approach of exporters’ revealed bilateral concerns – the specific trade concerns (STCs) raised for discussion in the WTO committees. These contested regulatory measures are most important to exporters and addressing them can assist policymakers to enhance agricultural trade opportunities. A non-technical global overview and focused reports on U.S. engagement in these concerns and their outcomes will be prepared.
  • Develop a state-of-the-art econometric framework to provide new quantitative estimates of the impact of revealed SPS and TBT specific trade concerns on U.S. and global agricultural trade. Generate ad valorem tariff equivalents (AVEs) of these measures to communicate results to policymakers in Geneva and Washington D.C.
  • Develop a discrete-time model to provide novel evidence on the extent to which SPS and TBT measures impact the duration and hazard rate of U.S. and competing suppliers’ agricultural trade. The results will provide new information to policymakers and negotiators seeking resolution of these concerns, and can reduce exporters’ costs from stopping and re-starting trade, as well as enhance the long-run survival of agricultural firms in foreign markets.

Research Team

Virginia Tech’s Center for Agricultural Trade, Blacksburg, VA, USA and Global Issues Initiative, Arlington VA, USA.

  • Investigators: Jason Grant and Everett Peterson (Project Leaders) and David Orden, Mary Marchant and Caesar Cororaton.
  • Collaborators: Lee Ann Jackson, Christiane Wolff and Erik Wijkström, WTO Secretariat, and Shawn Arita, USDA/OCE.

Related Publications:

  • Cororaton, C. & Orden, D. (2019, June). "The Importance of Technical Barriers to Agri-Food Trade: Evidence from the TBT Specific Trade Concerns Raised at the WTO." GII Working Paper, No. 2019-1.
  • Grant, J. & Orden, D. (2018, May).  “Effects of Contested Regulatory Measures on U.S. and Global Agricultural Trade.” Presented at the Agricultural Secretariat, World Trade Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Orden, D. (2020). Resilience Test of the North American Food System.  Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Special Issue on COVID-19 and Agriculture.
  • Cororaton, C.B., Tiongco, M., Inocencio, A. (2020). Potential Economic Effects of Lockdown in the Philippines due to COVID-19: Lessening the Impact on Poor Households.  Angelo King Institute for Economic Business Studies Policy Brief, De La Salle University.  


A Study on the Development of Economic Models for Socioeconomic Analysis
National Planning Agency, Republic of the Philippines (Caesar Cororaton, through De La Salle University Manila)
December 2016 - August 2017

Development of a Model to Determine the Industry-Specific Impact of ASEAN Economic Community on the Philippines
National Planning Agency, Republic of the Philippines (Caesar Cororaton, through De La Salle University, Manila)
December 2016 - August 2017

Evaluating the Trade Impacts of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) 12 Years Later: A Retrospective Assessment
USDA, Office of the Chief Economist
October 1, 2015 - September 2016

Pakistan Strategy Support Program
United States Agency for International Development (USAID) sub-award
July 2011 - July 2016

WTO Agricultural Disciplines
Continuation of project initially funded by Hewlett Foundation (through IFPRI)
March 2010 - July 2011

Further Analysis of the Impact of SPS Measures on U.S. Fruit and Vegetable Trade
USDA, National Institute for Food and Agriculture
January 2014 - December 2015

Analyzing the Effects from Non-tariff Measures (NTM) in Global Agri-Food Trade
Commission of the European Union
April 2009 - September 2012

Biofuels, Global Food Prices, and Poverty
World Bank (support for Caesar Cororaton)
March - December 2009

Integrating Risk Assessment and Economics in Regulatory Cost-Benefit Analysis
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA
September 2008 - September 2011

Trade and Poverty Analysis in Pakistan and the Philippines

International Food Policy Research Institute (support for Caesar Cororaton)
April - September 2008

Foundation Analysis for Agricultural Trade Reform II
Hewlett Foundation (through IFPRI)
March 2008 - February 2010

Foundation Analysis for Agricultural Trade Reform
Hewlett Foundation (through IFPRI)
July 2007-February 2008

Fellows Program, International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium (IATRC)
In conjunction with Professor Abdul Salam, Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science and Technology
June 2007 - December 2009

Assessment of the Doha Outcome: A Development Perspective on the Global Agricultural Trade Regime
Hewlett Foundation (through IFPRI)
July 2006 - June 2007

Economic Analysis of Technical Barriers Limiting Agricultural Trade of China
Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (through IFPRI)
July 2005 - December 2007

A New Generation of Farm Policies
Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture (ERS/USDA)
September 2005 - September 2007

Cotton Trade Policy and Poverty in Pakistan and India
World Bank (through IFPRI)
November 2005 - June 2007

Design of Systems Approaches to Invasive Species Pest Risk Management

Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture (ERS/USDA)
August 2003 - September 2007

Click on the links below for selected publications associated with GII research: